Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid, discovered in 1940. This is one of 113 identified cannabinoids in the composition of marijuana plants, which account for up to 40% of plant extract. In 2018, clinical studies of cannabidiol included preliminary studies of anxiety, cognition, movement disorders, pains in muscles and joints, postoperative pain, epilepsy.
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CBC has the same origin as THC and CBD, since they all come from cannabigerol acid (CBGA). Cannabis plants produce CBGA, the precursor of the three main cannabinoids: tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) and cannabichromenic acid (CBCA).
CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients of cannabis (marijuana). While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the marijuana plant. While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a “high.” According to a report from the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) is a chemical compound found in the resin glands (trichomes) of raw cannabis plants. In this case, raw means unheated and uncured. Basically, raw cannabis is fresh flower and leaves trimmed directly from the plant. CBDA is the precursor to the more widely known molecule,
CBDA is the precursor to the more widely known molecule, cannabidiol (CBD). In fresh cannabis, it is estimated that 95 percent of the cannabinoid exists as THCA and only 5 percent as CBD.
Cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) is the precursor of all the cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. The acid is often deemed a mother cannabinoid because without some level of CBGA, no other cannabinoids would exist.
Unlike other cannabinoids, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBGA does not produce psychoactive effects when ingested. Researchers believe that CBGA may treat certain types of cancers and schizophrenia. It has also been shown to reduce inflammation, improve bone growth, and slow certain types of bacterial growth.
THC, which stands for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ-9-THC), is a cannabinoid molecule in marijuana (cannabis) that’s long been recognized as the main psychoactive ingredient—that is, the substance that causes users to experience the marijuana high.
THC is just one of more than 400 different active substances—and 60 different cannabinoid molecules—contained in marijuana, although THC is the most recognized. Another important cannabinoid molecule that has received major recognition is cannabidiol (CBD).
Non-psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) is one of the most abundant therapeutic compounds produced by raw cannabis plants. Even though many cannabis enthusiasts already know that inhaling and ingesting cannabis has a wealth of therapeutic properties, there are many surprising benefits of keeping the plant raw.
This raises a lot of important questions:
What is THCA exactly? How can you make the most of it? And what do we mean by raw cannabis?
Raw cannabis refers to fresh cannabis flower and leaves that have not been dried, cured, or heated. This is important because raw cannabis is abundant in compounds called cannabinoid acids, including THCA and CBDA, which are actually non-psychoactive precursors to cannabinoids THC and CBD.
THCA only transforms into mind-bending tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) with heat and/or age. While many write off THCA as an inactive cannabis compound, that sentiment couldn’t be farther from the truth. Although most cannabis research has focused on psychoactive THC, a growing body of evidence suggests that THCA may have crucial healing powers on its own.